FERRARI DINO 206 GT
The Dino 206 GT was Ferrari’s first serious attempt at building a smaller, entry-level car. The model was aimed directly at the Porsche 911, but company founder Enzo Ferrari didn’t like the idea of putting his name on a car not powered by a V12. The name Dino was chosen to honor his son, Alfredo, who died in 1956.
The 206 moniker says it all – power was provided by a 2.0-liter V6 engine. Much lighter than a 12, the six-cylinder was mounted right behind the seats, and the 206 GT was much more nimble to drive than other Ferraris from its era. The 246 GT that came two years later was even better because it received a more powerful variant of the V6.
For a long time, the 206 GT wasn’t considered a “real” Ferrari due to its inferior cylinder count, and values were on the low side – at least for a Ferrari. Collectors have warmed up to the mid-engined, Dino-badged machine though, and the 206 GT is highly sought-after today.
FERRARI 365 GTB/4 “DAYTONA”
The late 1960s were rough years for Ferrari. The brand’s racing team had embarrassingly lost the 24 Hours of Le Mans to Ford several times in a row, and a disruptive customer-turned-rival named Ferruccio Lamborghini was making waves in Italy and abroad with a sexy mid-engined supercar called the Miura.
Ferrari fired back with the Pininfarina-designed 365 GTB/4, which was later nicknamed Daytona to honor the company’s 1-2-3 victory at the 24 Hours of Daytona. It broke ties with other members of the Ferrari lineup by adopting a more angular design that accurately previewed the styling trends of the 1970s. It was a little controversial at first, but it ultimately caught on and more than 1,400 examples were made from 1968 to 1973.
The Testarossa made its public debut at the 1984 Paris Auto Show. Its name literally means “redhead” in Italian, but it wasn’t developed as an homage to the Irish. Instead, the nameplate was a reference to the engine’s red cylinder heads, and a tribute to the original Testa Rossa race car introduced in 1957.
A 5.0-liter flat-12 engine sitting inches away from the passenger compartment made 390 horsepower, but unlike its predecessor, the Testarossa wasn’t developed to hit the track. It was a touring car first and foremost, so its cabin put equal emphasis on sport and luxury. Leather upholstery and air conditioning made it the ideal companion for high-speed road trips, provided the occupants knew how to travel light.
The Pininfarina-designed lines gave it a sleek, modern look. The Testarossa was on every kid’s bedroom wall in the late 1980s, right next to a picture of the Lamborghini Diablo with its wild scissor doors pointing toward the sky.
FERRARI 288 GTO
The 288 was the first Ferrari to wear the GTO nameplate since the iconic 250 GTO. At first glance, it looked like a 308 fitted with a more muscular-looking body kit, but this is one of those instances when you definitely shouldn’t judge a book by its cover.
The 288 GTO was developed to participate in Group B rally events. It was built around a tubular chassis, and its body was crafted out of composite materials like Kevlar and fiberglass. Power came from a 2.8-liter V8 engine that used a pair of large turbochargers to make 400 hp, which was enough to send the GTO to a top speed of 200 mph.
Ferrari initially announced it would build just 200 examples of the GTO, which was the bare minimum required to enter the car in Group B events. However, the first batch sold out so quickly that another 72 examples were assembled.
Porsche monopolized the attention of the automotive industry in 1986 when it introduced the 959. Not to be outdone by its German rival, Ferrari waited until the following year to unveil the F40, which was billed as a race car for the road.
The F40 was developed to celebrate the brand’s 40th anniversary. It made extensive use of composite materials, which was highly impressive at the time, and it offered a stripped-down interior that made occupants feel like they were traveling aboard a Le Mans prototype. The sharp, low-slung look has earned the F40 the distinction of being one of Ferrari’s most recognizable designs.
Engineers crafted a 3.0-liter evolution of the 288 GTO’s V8. The result was 478 hp instead of 390 hp, which was more than enough in a car that tipped the scale at just 2,425 pounds. Not one to mince words, Enzo Ferrari famously declared the F40 was “so fast it’ll make you shit your pants.”
FERRARI CHALLENGE STRADALE
The Challenge Stradale offered enthusiasts genuine racecar-like performance and features in an accessible, street-legal package. Starting with the 360 Modena, Ferrari engineers removed all equipment deemed superfluous in order to shed weight, lowered and stiffened the suspension, and fitted massive alloy wheels. Inside, the two passengers were treated to bucket seats with racing harnesses and Plexiglas windows.
Many automakers brag about packing race tech in a production car; Ferrari actually did it. The 360 Challenge Stradale used a 3.6-liter, 425-hp V8 bolted to a five-speed automatic gearbox. Visually, it was instantly recognizable thanks to a green, white, and red band embedded in the middle of a white stripe that ran down the center of the car.
You know a car is going to be a big deal when it’s named after the company’s founder; it’s the kind of homage a brand can only pull off once if it wants to retain its credibility. Luckily, the limited-edition Ferrari Enzo lived up to the hype.
In the early 2000s, Ferrari’s dominance of the hypercar market was under attack by Porsche, Lamborghini, and Mercedes-Benz. The Enzo had to beat the competition and make a bigger splash than the F50. The first of 399 examples broke cover at the 2002 edition of the Paris Auto Show.
Highly aerodynamic, the Enzo was characterized by a more angular look than other members of the Ferrari lineup. In hindsight, it previewed the company’s next design language. Power came from a fast-revving, 660-hp V12 engine mated to a six-speed sequential gearbox that trickled down from the world of Formula 1. The massive shift paddles mounted behind the steering wheel made even a mundane run to the store feel like a lap around the Monaco Grand Prix circuit.
At its launch, the FXX was the most technologically-advanced Ferrari by a long shot. It was a more extreme evolution of the Enzo developed with input from star Formula 1 pilots like Michael Schumacher and Rubens Barrichello.
It came equipped with a 6.3-liter V12 engine that sent a whopping 800 hp to the rear wheels through an F1-derived automatic transmission. Model-specific tires developed by Bridgestone and Brembo brakes kept that enormous amount of power in check, while an on-board telemetry system recorded up to 39 different parameters in real-time. The information was sent back to Ferrari headquarters and used to develop future models, like the LaFerrari. FFX customers were, for all intents and purposes, beta testers.
The downside to the FXX was that it wasn’t street-legal; in fact, Ferrari continues to refer to it as a prototype. Just 38 examples were built, ensuring it’ll be one of the most sought-after cars of its era.
The LaFerrari was the latest in a long line of high-tech, face-meltingly fast hypercars built by Ferrari. Its name means “the Ferrari” in Italian, and it took the company forward by introducing new technology previously seen only on prototypes, concepts, or race cars.
Notably, it was the first street-legal hybrid produced by Ferrari. The gasoline-electric drivetrain was built around a 789-hp, 6.3-liter V12 engine capable of revving all the way to 9,350 rpm. It worked jointly with a 120-kilowatt electric motor, bumping the system’s total output to 949 hp. Mamma mia!
Only 499 examples of the LaFerrari were built, and they sold out in the blink of an eye in spite of an extremely selective buying process that favored loyal Ferrari customers. Last year, buyers who missed out on the coupe were given the opportunity to buy a topless model named Aperta.